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Australia ranks first among the worlds largest iron ore producing countries, with output totalling 900 million tonnes in 2020 around 37.5% of total world production. The country is also home to the worlds largest crude iron ore reserves, estimated by the US Geological Survey at around 50 billion tonnes. Mining for iron ore is a huge industry in Australia, and exports of the commodity generate millions of dollars in revenue for the government each year. Many of the worlds largest iron ore mining companieshave set up operations in the country, particularly in the Pilbara region of Western Australia where the majority of its reserves are located.
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Brazil produced an estimated 400 million tonnes of iron ore in 2020 slightly less than in 2019 but still roughly 17% of the global total. The Carajás Mine in Brazils northern state of Pará is one of the largest iron ore mines globally, and is operated by Rio de Janeiro based company Vale. Vale has a strong presence in the country and is currently the worlds leading iron ore miner, with annual output reaching 300 million tonnes in 2020. Brazil holds around 34 billion tonnes of crude iron ore reserves, second only to Australia.
An estimated 340 million tonnes of iron ore were produced in China in 2020, placing it third on the list of the largest iron ore producing countries. China is also the worlds biggest consumer of the commodity, and combines domestic production with additional foreign imports to feed its huge steelmaking industry, which currently accounts for more than half of the worlds steel output. There are an estimated 20 billion tonnes of crude iron ore reserves in China, with Liaoning, Sichuan, Hebei, Inner Mongolia and Shanxi among the most resource rich regions of the country.
India accounted for just under 10% of global iron ore production in 2020, measured at 230 million tonnes. Resources are spread widely throughout the country, although the states of Odessa, Jharkhand, Karnataka and Chhattisgarh are notable for their productivity. State backed National Mineral Development Corporation is Indias largest producer, with mining output totalling more than 31 million tonnes in the 2019 20 financial year.
Russia is Europes top iron ore producing country, and in 2020 mined an estimated 95 million tonnes. Major resource deposits are located in the Kursk magnetic anomaly in the west of the country, as well as in areas around the Ural Mountains, particularly the regions of Tula and Siberia. Russia holds the worlds third largest iron ore reserves, measured at 25 billion tonnes, giving it scope to further increase its production efforts over the coming years.
Iron Ore in Goa Production of iron ore in Goa started quite late and it is a recent development. Starting from a non identity, Goa is now the fourth largest producer of iron ore in India. Goa now produces over 18 percent of the total production of India. There are nearly 315 mines in North Goa, Central Goa, and South Goa.
Australia was the world39;s largest iron ore exporter, and India accounted for a mere 2.8 percent share of the total global iron ore imports in 2020. Iron ore production in the region was barely ...