Utilitarianism: John Stuart Mill. John Stuart Mill is considered the most influential English speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century. He defended the freedom of individuals against absolute state power. He was also an outspoken feminist, publishing The Subjection of Women in 1869 to promote equality between men and women.
2. The Proof. Mills argument appears in Chapter 4 of his essay Utilitarianism. Today its called Mills proof, although the name is misleading since he admits that the considerations he offers arent a tidy deduction. 5 Mills argument consists of three steps, each meant to establish a different claim: 1.
57 Mills Proof of Utilitarianism A. T. Fyfe Mill, John Stuart. Of What Sort of Proof the Principle of Utility is Susceptible, in Utilitarianism. London: Parker, Son, and Bourn, 1863.
Mills Proof of Utilitarianism. The only proof capable of being given that an object is visible is that people actually see it. The only proof that a sound is audible is that people hear it: and so of the other sources of our experience. In like manner, I apprehend, the sole evidence it is possible to produce that anything is desirable, is ...
On Mills proof of the greatest happiness principle: The steps in Mills proof: Utilitarianism is true iff happiness is the one and only thing desirable for its own sake . The only proof of desirability is desire. Each person desires his own happiness for its own sake (and ...