Jun 20, 2012 A USGS publication on the history of gold uses, gold mining, gold prospecting, assays and gold production.
The history of the bow and arrow dates back over 25,000 years, as well as mans use of the horse as a riding and pack animal. How much further back does the history of mining and prospecting date? No one can answer this question for sure.
Early Gold Finds and Production. Gold was produced in the southern Appalachian region as early as 1792 and perhaps as early as 1775 in southern California. The discovery of gold at Sutter39;s Mill in California sparked the gold rush of 1849 50, and hundreds of mining camps sprang to life as new deposits were discovered.
1350 B.C. The Babylonians begin to use fire assay to test the purity of gold. 1200 B.C. The Egyptians master the art of beating gold into leaf to extend its use, as well as alloying it with other metals for hardness and color variations. They also start casting gold using the lost wax technique that today is still at the heart of jewelry making.
A brief history of gold uses, prospecting, mining and production Republished from a USGS general interest publication by Harold Kirkemo, William L. Newman, and Roger P. Ashley Egyptian gold: Artisans of ancient civilizations used gold lavishly in decorating tombs and temples, and gold objects made more than 5,000 years ago have been found in Egypt.
3600 B.C .First Smelting of Gold by Egyptian. 3000 B.C .Gold used to create jewelry. 2600 B.C.. Early Gold Jewelry. 1500 B.C .Nubian mines make Egypt wealthy, as gold becomes the recognized standard medium of exchange. 1350 B.C .The Babylonians begin to use fire assay to test the purity of gold. 1200 B.C .Advances in jewelry.